Peace Is Taking Over. Fear Mongering All Time High. Data Proves It.



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the average lifespan of an American is 80 years and an eighty-year-old today
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was 10 when world war two ended for when it began a soldier who saw battle would
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have to be in his late eighties at least today generals political leaders the
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decision makers of the war you are still with us and over the past few decades
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we’ve seen authors and filmmakers rush to capture stories from survivors before
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this connection of memory is lost
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this project is not about individual war stories and it’s not about survivors
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we’re going to tally up the tens of millions of people whose lives were cut
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short by the war and see how these numbers stack up to other wars in
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history including trends in recent conflicts
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we’ll be counting soldiers and civilians separately
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each of these figures represents 1,000 people who died civilians were all walks
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of life whereas military deaths were almost entirely men the average age was
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about 23 in most battles every 1,000 soldiers killed there are more than a
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thousand were injured the word casualty can be confusing because the military
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speak it often includes both deaths and injuries and anything else to take the
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soldier out of service here we’re just counting the deaths and we’ll begin with
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American soldiers over 400,000 died
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most of the deaths occurred in the European theater fighting the Nazis
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about a quarter in the Pacific fighting the Japanese when you put them on the
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timeline you see that casualties were the heaviest at the end of the war
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the war began on September first 1939 but the u.s. wasn’t one to join the
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fight until Pearl Harbor two years in
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the deaths increased drastically on d-day when the Allies invaded normally
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one of the most tragic moans of the war was on d-day at Omaha Beach for 2500
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Americans film so about the same number of US soldiers died on the single
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beachland as the entire 13 years of the recent war in Afghanistan
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the bloodiest battle in the Pacific was Okinawa which lasted 82 days during
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which 12,500 american-style about 5,000 of these deaths were at sea from
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kamikaze attacks now let’s look at some other countries starting with Europe
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germany started world war two when it invaded Poland Poland ultimately lost
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200,000 soldiers in the war
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most died after the invasion while the country was occupied by germany in the
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Soviet Union
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germany meanwhile lost just 16,000 invasion of pole the Nazis went on to
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invade and conquer other countries including Denmark Belgium the
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Netherlands France Greece and Yugoslavia
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france surrendered but after losing 92,000 soldiers in the Battle of France
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over 200,000 ultimately fell which includes deaths and poww camps French
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colonies and other fighting Yugoslavia suffered almost half a million military
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deaths the initial invasion brought relatively few casualties on both sides
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but that’s mounted under Nazi occupation to guerrilla fighting civil conflict in
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mass executions
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yeah
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the Nazi divisions were Swift with relatively few German losses even the
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Nazi commanders expressed surprise at their success
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and then we have the United Kingdom in the United States we’re not invaded and
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took the fight to the Nazis Britain lost about the same number of soldiers at the
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US which include the British colonists germany lost about half a million
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soldiers fight in the US and Britain and was known as the Western Front which
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took place in France and Belgium
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but most Nazi soldiers died in the Eastern Front Germany’s unsuccessful
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invasion of the Soviet Union
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numbers are staggering
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yeah
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the most famous battle of the Eastern Front and perhaps the turning point of
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the European war with Stalin the german 6th army successfully took Stalingrad
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but then got surrounded by the Soviets and cut off from food and ammunition
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half-a-million Nazis would ultimately died in $YEAR stalin
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another 100,000 taking prisoner of which 6,000 never reach her
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POWs had a low survival rate throughout would work and it was particularly grim
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in the east
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when you include these POWs roughly the same number of germans . in Stalingrad
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is all the western front fighting against France the UK the US
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and those Stalingrad was a victory for the Soviets they suffered almost twice
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as many losses German
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the Soviet Union would eventually defeat the ones unstoppable German arms killing
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2.3 million Nazi soldiers
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yeah
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but winning the war ii medical
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yeah
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yeah
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yeah
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yeah
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8.7 million is the official tally by the Russian military hotly disputed number
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some studies have calculated as many as 14 million dead to complete the count of
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European military deaths we need to add German deaths from other fronts
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including the north in Africa as well as death some other axis powers a lot of
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the Nazis hungary romania in Italy when you put these European military that’s
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on the timeline it looks like this you can now interact with the chart to learn
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more
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pause the narration if you’d like more time and now we switch to civilian
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deaths
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six million Jewish people were killed in the Holocaust
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you separate this by country you see that about half 2.7 million for polish
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700,000 or Soviets followed by hungry and 17 other countries broken down
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another way about half of the six million were killed in the concentration
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camps
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over a million died in auschwitz most were killed in the gas chambers others
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died from starvation exhaustion disease and other forms of execution the second
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most deadly campus are blinkin which was exclusively an extermination camp set up
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to look like a translation mobile killing groups killed 1.4 million Jews
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like with the gas chambers men were killed first to reduce the risk of
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revolt
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yeah
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the Holocaust also includes non-jewish deaths between 230,000 of 500,000 Roma
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then called gypsies were killed the numbers are disputed about a quarter
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million people with disabilities were killed homosexuals Catholics and other
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groups were also exterminated but their numbers are relatively small some
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historians say that other civilian deaths should go on the label of
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Holocaust about 2 million non-jewish poles were killed under German
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occupation
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salvatore sent to the gas chambers at Auschwitz when you combine civilian and
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military deaths over sixteen percent of the total polish population died in
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World War 2 which is the highest percentage of any country but not the
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highest in total death count the Soviet Union again tops that list losing at
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least as many civilians as it did soldiers somewhere between 10 and 20
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million a particularly dark moments the Soviet Union was the siege of leningrad
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not st. Petersburg german forces surrounded Leningrad before civilians
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could be evacuated supplies including food cutoff for two-and-a-half years
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one-and-a-half million people died as a result mostly from starvation mostly
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civilians Stalin’s cruelty towards own people is partly responsible for these
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numbers he often did allow siblings to evacuate from cities picking would cause
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the soldiers protecting them to fight harder about a million Soviets died in
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Stalin’s only retains called the gulag just about every country suffered
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civilian losses especially countries who were invaded while many died as a result
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also called collateral damage the biggest numbers occurred when it was no
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accident civilians were exterminated purposely fired upon used as human
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shields for attention deprived of intentional killing of civilians within
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by most warring parties including the United Kingdom in the United States the
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United Kingdom of spirit of a land invasion but still lost sixty thousand
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civilians largely from german air raids or blitzes often directed at civilian
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population centers the UK to the same two German cities at a much greater
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magnitude causing about 10 times the number of deaths but most German
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civilian deaths came from the ground at the late stage of the war when the Nazi
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regime collapsed civilians living in occupied regions are desperately flee
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from the advancing Soviet Army rates for widespread and estimates range from six
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9003 million
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let’s step back and see where we are with the totals we just counted about 20
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million civilian deaths in Europe you add this to the European military deaths
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we already covered it brings us to over 40 million then we have the Asian
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theatre here we see the vast majority of military deaths in Asia came from china
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and japan on the civilian side about 6 million deaths from China Indonesia
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Korea Indo China and the Philippines can be attributed to japanese war crimes
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which are sometimes compared the Nazi atrocities do the sheer scale of the
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cruelty china had the second-highest death count after the Soviet Union and
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like the Soviets the Chinese government demonstrated a stunning willingness to
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sacrifice its own people
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chinese nationalist opened like the yellow river hoping the flood would halt
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the Japanese advanced half a million Chinese civilians or more were killed
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which is two or three times the number who died in all countries in the 2004
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asian tsunamis
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but the invasion of China only Kosta pan 200,000 soldiers most were killed
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fighting the US and allies in the pacific war
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significant portion of Japanese civilian deaths were caused by American
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firebombing in the two nuclear attacks contract to official US statements these
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airstrikes were directed at civilian populations not military targets when
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you add all the death outside europe it brings us to a grand total of seventy
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million for the war give or take depending on who’s counting
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and what civilian deaths get included more people died in World War two than
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any other war in history for comparison here 20 or so of the very worst wars and
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atrocities we have on record some of these are more of atrocities and wars
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we’ve seen how that distinction can get blurry some of these spanned across
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centuries world war two have the highest body count and it all happened in just
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six years the world’s population has grown significantly since the earliest
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atrocities on this list if you want to compare them in terms of what percentage
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of the world died we can adjust the chart to look like this this rough
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approximation tells us there may be more devastating wars before world war two
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proportionately speaking
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yeah
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when we turn to post-war conflicts it’s hard to say anything that isn’t
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controversial but the data shows something quite extraordinary has been
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happening in 1989 John goddess coin the phrase the long piece to identify the
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absence of conflict between the nuclear powers during the Cold War 25 years
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later the Cold War’s over and the term is still being used although its meaning
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may have shifted European countries have not fought each other except this 10-day
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war in 1956 in the Soviet Union invaded hungry when we look at European Wars
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before World War two
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it looks like this they tend to be more frequent as you go back those smaller
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and scale and the largest 44 economies of the world have not battled each other
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since world war two rich countries have fought poor countries like the US vs
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Iraq but rich countries not fought other rich countries such a period of peace
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between the so-called Great Powers hasn’t been seen since the Roman Empire
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many pieces too strong of a work
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wars have occurred since world war two and they can be grouped into these four
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categories we don’t see colonial wars anymore
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we’ve already noted that interstate wars between rich countries have not occurred
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at all
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and here we see wars involving smaller economies have tapered off that leaves
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civil wars of two types with and without farm intervention and this is what these
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battle that’s look like alongside of world war two more people died fighting
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in world war two then all the worst since and again we can’t forget about
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world population which is almost tripled since world war two
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if we scale these numbers to show deaths in proportion to world population
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showing the likelihood that a person on earth dies in battle the downward trend
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becomes even more pronounced now this isn’t to infer anything about why this
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trend is occurring that’s a discussion for another day
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you can now interact with this chart to explore what conflicts are behind the
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totals bear in mind we’re just looking at battle deaths here not civilian
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deaths but those two are in decline piece is a difficult thing to measure
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it’s a bit like counting the people who didn’t die in words that never happened
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we give such importance to the word peace but we don’t tend to notice it
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when it occurs or report on sometimes it takes reminding ourselves of how
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terrible war once was to see the piece that has been growing around
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of course this trend may not continue and it’s not clear how looking at these
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charts can help us make the right decisions to ensure that it does but the
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longer the long piece grows the more significant it becomes so if watching
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the news doesn’t make us feel hopeful about where things are heading watching
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the numbers might
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yeah
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if you’d like to support this project and encourage new episodes please follow
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thank you very much

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